Alquran Dan Konservasi Lingkungan (Suatu Pendekatan Maqāṣid al-Sharī’ah)

Mamluatun Nafisah

Abstract


The environment has been understood as a removable thing, thus draining the Excessive against nature for the sake of economy and technology, is considered a humane. This view is becoming disastrous to the natural events that until now difficult to overcome. This research aims to determine the Quran in depth perspective about environmental conservation with the approach ofThe environment has been understood as a removable thing, thus draining the Excessive against nature for the sake of economy and technology, is considered a humane. This view is becoming disastrous to the natural events that until now difficult to overcome. This research aims to determine the Quran in depth perspective about environmental conservation with the approach of maqâsid al-syarî’ah. This approach is used in order to determine the extent to which technical and operational utilization of the earth and the extent to which content is said to be exaggerated, with more emphasis on welfare. Findings of the research that the Quran outlines the basic values and practical substantive law in its management, including the principle underlying the utilization potential of the earth and the principle of maintenance. In order to take advantage of the potential of the earth, the Quran commands people to do the ‘imârat al-ard, that made the earth or the environment as a medium to realize the benefit of overall living creatures on earth. While the principle of its maintenance, the Quran emphasizes the importance of treating the environment well. One of the principles underlying the relationship between humans and nature are all beings have legal status muhtaram. maqāṣid al-sharī’ah. This approach is used in order to determine the extent to which technical and operational utilization of the earth and the extent to which content is said to be exaggerated, with more emphasis on welfare. Findings of the research that the Quran outlines the basic values and practical substantive law in its management, including the principle underlying the utilization potential of the earth and the principle of maintenance. In order to take advantage of the potential of the earth, the Quran commands people to do the ‘imârat al-ard, that made the earth or the environment as a medium to realize the benefit of overall living creatures on earth. While the principle of its maintenance, the Quran emphasizes the importance of treating the environment well. One of the principles underlying the relationship between humans and nature are all beings have legal status muhtaram.

Keywords


environmental conservation; maqāṣid al-sharī’ah; maṣlaḥah; goodness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdillah, Junaidi. “Dekonstruksi Tafsir Antroposentrisme: Telaah Ayat-Ayat Berwawasan Lingkungan.” KALAM 8, no. 1 (July 1, 2014): 65–86. doi:10.24042/klm.v8i1.168.

Abdillah, Mujiyono. Agama Ramah Lingkungan: Perspektif Al-Qur’an. Jakarta: Paramadina, 2001.

Abdul Aziz, Muhammad. Fatwa Dan Ijtihad Umar Bin Khattab. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 1999.

Abu Daud, Sulaiman al-Sijistani. “Sunan Abi Daud, 1.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Abu Daud, Sulaiman al-Sijistani. “Sunan Abi Daud, 2.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Abu Daud, Sulaiman al-Sijistani. “Sunan Abi Daud, 3.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Abu-Sway, Mustafa. “Towards an Islamic Jurisprudence of the Environment.” Accessed September 15, 2016. https://www.missionislam.com/science/enviroment.html.

Ahmad, Zainal Abidin. Dasar-Dasar Ekonomi Islam. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1974.

Al-Mawardi, Abi al-Hasan al-Bashri al-Baghdadi. Al-Ahkam Al-Sulthaniyah. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, 1960.

Al-Syaukani, Muhammad bin ’Ali bin Muhammad. Nail Al-Authar: Syarh Muntaqa Al-Akhbar Min Ahadits Sayyidi Al-Akhbar. 6. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, 1994.

Alusi, Abu Sana’ Syihab al-Din al-Sayyid Mahmud al-Fandi al-. Ruh Al-Ma’ani Fi Tafsir Alquran Al-’Azhim Wa Sab’i Al-Matsani, 4. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, 2000.

Ashfahani, Al-Raghib al-. Al-Mufradat Fi Gharib Al-Qur’an. Kairo: al-Maktabah al-Tawfiqiyyah, 2003.

Baalbaki, Rohi. Al-Maurid a Modern Arabic-English Dictionary. Beirut: Dar al-’Ilm li al Malayin, 1995.

Baihaqi, Ahmad bin Husen bi Ali bin Musa al-Khurasani al-. “Al-Sunan Al-Kubra, 6.” In CD-Room Maktabah Shamilah, n.d.

Bukhari, Muhammad bin Ismail Abu Abdillah al-. “Shahih Al-Bukhari, 1.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Daruquthni, Abu al-hasan Ali bin Amr bin Ahmad bin Mahdi al-Baghdadi al-. “Sunan Al-Daruqutni, 5.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Hamka. Tafsir Al-Azhar, 28. Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1982.

Ibn Asyur, Muhammad al-Tahir. Al-Tahrir Wa Al-Tanwir, 5. 5. Tunis: al-Dar al-Tunisiyyah li al-Nasyr, 2000.

Ibn Asyur, Muhammad al-Tahir. Al-Tahrir Wa Al-Tanwir. Al-Tahrir Wa Al-Tanwir, 8. 12. Tunis: al-Dar al-Tunisiyyah li al-Nasyr, 2000.

Ibn Asyur, Muhammad al-Tahir. Al-Tahrir Wa Al-Tanwir. Al-Tahrir Wa Al-Tanwir, 12. 12. Tunis: al-Dar al-Tunisiyyah li al-Nasyr, 2000.

Ibn Faris, Abu al-Husain Ahmad. Mu’jam Maqayis Al-Lughah. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, 1994.

Ibn Mandzur, Jamaluddin Abi al-Fadl Ibn Mukrim. Lisan Al-Arab. Beirut: Dar Al-kutub Al-Ilmiyah, 2003.

Ibrahim, Muhammad Ismail. Mu’jam Alfazh Al-Qur’an. 2. Kairo: Dar Al-Fikr al-’Arabi, 1969.

Jauziyah, Ibn Qayyim al-. I’lam Al-Muwaqqi’in ‘an Rabb Al-‘Alamin. Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyah, 1996.

Kartanegara, Mulyadhi. Nalar Religius Memahami Hakikat Tuhan, Alam Dan Manusia. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2007.

Khallaf, Abdul Wahab. ‘Ilmu Usul Al-Fiqh. Kairo: Maktabah al-Da’wah al-Islamiyyah, n.d.

Malik bin Anas. Muwatta’ Al-Imam Malik, 1. Muassasah al-Risalah, 1412.

Maliki, Abdurrahman al-. Politik Ekonomi Islam. Bogor: Al-Izzah, 2001.

Ma’luf, Louis. Al-Munjid Fi Al-Lughah Wa Al-A’lam. Beirut: Dar al Misriq, 1986.

Mangunjaya, Fachruddin. “Syariah: Jalan Keluar Dari Krisis Ekologi.” Jurnal Ulumul Qur’an 7, no. 1 (1998).

Masruri, Ulin Niam. “Pelestarian Lingkungan Dalam Perpektif Sunnah.” At-Taqaddum 6, no. 2 (April 17, 2016): 411–28. doi:10.21580/at.v6i2.718.

Mawardi, Ahmad Imam. Fiqh Minoritas : Fiqh Al-Aqalliyat Dan Evolusi Maqashid Al-Syari’ah Dari Konsep Ke Pendekatan. Yogyakarta: LKIS, 2010.

Muslim bin Hajjaj. “Shahih Muslim, 1.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Muslim bin Hajjaj. “Shahih Muslim, 2.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Muslim bin Hajjaj. “Shahih Muslim, 3.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, n.d.

Nabhani, Taqiyuddin al-. Al-Nizham Al-Iqtishadi Fi Al-Islam. Beirut: Dar al-Ummah, 1990.

Qurthubi, Abu Abdillah Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-. “Al-Jami’ Li Ahkam Alquran.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah, Vol. 17, n.d.

al-Sya’rawi, Muhammad Mutawalli. “Tafsir Al-Sya’rawi.” In CD-Room Maktabah Syamilah. 11, n.d.

Razi, Muhammad Fakhr al-Din al-. Tafsir Al-Kabir Wa Mafatih Al-Ghaib, 11. Beirut: Dâr Ihya’ al-Turats al-‘Arab, 1420.

Razi, Muhammad Fakhr al-Din al-. Tafsir Al-Kabir Wa Mafatih Al-Ghaib, 12. Beirut: Dâr Ihya’ al-Turats al-‘Arab, 1420.

Sabiq, Sayyed. Fiqh Al-Sunnah, 1. Libanon: Dar al-Kitab al-‘Arabi, 1977.

Sakirman, Sakirman. “Urgensi Maslahah Dalam Konsep Ekonomi Syariah.” PALITA: Journal of Social-Religion Research 1, no. 1 (2016): 17–28. doi:10.24256/pal.v1i1.82.

Salim, Emil. Pembangunan Berwawasan Lingkungan. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1986.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Secercah Cahaya Ilahi. Bandung: Mizan, 2000.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Tafsir Al-Misbah, 3. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2002.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Tafsir Al-Misbah, 8. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2002.

Sururi, Ahmad. “Menggapai Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup di Indonesia: Studi Perbandingan Etika Islam dan Etika Ekofeminisme.” FIKRAH 2, no. 1 (October 27, 2015). doi:10.21043/fikrah.v2i1.552.

Suryowati, Estu, and Kompas Cyber Media. “Sepanjang 2017, BNPB Mencatat 2.175 Kejadian Bencana di Indonesia.” KOMPAS.com, December 5, 2017. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/12/05/17200331/sepanjang-2017-bnpb-mencatat-2175-kejadian-bencana-di-indonesia.

Syaibani, Abu Abdillah Ahmad al-. “Musnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal, 8.” In CD-Room Maktabah Shamilah, n.d.

Syaibani, Abu Abdillah Ahmad al-. “Musnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal, 10.” In CD-Room Maktabah Shamilah, n.d.

Syaibani, Abu Abdillah Ahmad al-. “Musnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal, 13.” In CD-Room Maktabah Shamilah, n.d.

Syaibani, Abu Abdillah Ahmad al-. “Musnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal, 20.” In CD-Room Maktabah Shamilah, n.d.

Syathibi, Abu Ishaq al-. Al-Muwafaqat Fi Ushul Al-Syariah. Vol. 2. Kairo: Mustafa Muhammad, n.d.

Syaukani, Muhammad bin Ali bin Muhammad Asy. Irsyad Al-Fuhul Ila Tahqiq Al-Haqq Min Ilmi Al-Ushul. Beirut: Dar al Kutub, 1994.

Syinqiti, Muhammad al-Amin bin Muhammad al-Mukhtar al-. Adwa’u Al-Bayan Fi Idhah Al-Qur’an Bi Alquran. Vol. 7. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1995.

Syufa’at, Syufa’at. “Implementasi Maqâṣid al-Syarî’ah dalam Hukum Ekonomi Islam.” Al-Ahkam 23, no. 2 (October 21, 2013): 143–66. doi:10.21580/ahkam.2013.23.2.20.

Thabary, Ibn Jarir al-. Jami’ Al-Bayan Fi Ta’wil Al-Qur’an, 13. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1992.

Tim Kemenag. Maqashid Al-Syari’ah: Memahami Tujuan Utama Syariah. Jakarta: Lajnah Pentashihan Alquran, 2013.

Yafie, Ali. Menggagas Fiqih Sosial. Bandung: Mizan, 1994.

Zuhaili, Wahbah. Al-Wasith Fi Ushul Al-Fiqh Al-Islami. al-Maktabah al-Islamiyyah, 1965.

Zuhaili, Wahbah. Tafsir Al-Munir Fi Al-Aqidah Wa Al-Syari’ah, 14. Damaskus: Dar Al-Fikr, 1418.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/alquds.v2i1.405

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY:

CrossrefMorarefGoogle ScholarIndonesia One SearchAcademia.Edu PKP IndexBASE DRJI Indexed Journal


free web stats Al Quds's Visitors

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

.