Understanding The Radicalism Movement In Indonesia: A Conflict Approach to the Rise of Terrorism

Nurus Shalihin

Abstract


There is an ideology in every movement. Of course, that ideology that constructs the pattern of organizational movement. This phenomenon is an assumption in this paper, and will be broadly elaborated . In particularly; This study will describe the genealogy, reason, and patterns of salafism movement in Indonesia. The reason why this study seeks to understand the theme because the movement of salafism in Indonesia has emerged dramatically. It can be understood from the acts of terrorism that occurred. There are at least 4 acts of terrorism in 2000; 3 acts of terrorism in 2001; And 1 acts of terrorism in the 2000 Bali bombing which Is the most dramatic act of terrorism and the bombing action at J.W. Marriot hotel in 2003. These acts of terrorism are facts which suggest that the movement of salafism flourished in Indonesia. The data also encourages the study of why terrorism appears in Indonesia? What are the reasons? What is the root of the movement of salafism in Indonesia?
The questions above are the research questions. And it all comes from the research paradigm chosen in this study, which is the paradigm of conflict. Assuming that acts of terrorism can be understood as a conflict process. It is not a single process that is the complete reason why terrorism arises, especially in Indonesia. The perspective of Marxism is considered quite possible to explain the factors causing terrorist acts, and the growing of the network in Indonesia. Actually, by using the paradigm of conflict; Violence, and horror acts perpetrated by terrorist networks can be detected why such malicious acts occurred in Indonesia. To analyze the data, this study uses the interpretative. And it's a concern to analyze the conflict between salafism, and others. This process allows the conclusion that the causal factor is the difference in doctrine between terrorism and the others-state, and the notion of neo-liberalism.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas, Tahir (eds), Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Perspective, (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Ltd, 2007).

Abusa, Zachary., Political Islam and Violence in Indonesia, (London & New York: Routledge, 2007).

Brunessen, Martin van., Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in post-Suharto Indonesia, (South Asia Research Journals, Vol. 10, No. 2: 2000).

Bartos, Otomar J. & Wehr, Paul., Using Conflict Theory, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Berman, Eli., Radical Religious and Violent: The New Economics of Terrorism, (London: The MIT Press, 2009).

Djelantik, Sukawarsini, Terrorism in Indonesia: The Emergence of West Javanese Terrorist, (East-West Centre Working Pappers, No. 22: 2006).

Durkheim, Emile, Suicide: A Study in Sociology, (New York: Routledge, 2005).

Eagleton, Terry, Ideology: An Introduction, (London: Verso, 1991).

Ehrlich, Paul R. & Liu, Jianguo., Some Roots of Terrorism, (Journal of

Population and Environment, Vol. 24, No. 2: November-2002).

Fealy, Greg & Borgu, Aldo., Local Jihad: Radical Islam and Terrorism in Indonesia, (Australia: Australian Strategic Policy Institute, 2005),

Galtung, Johan, Theories of Conflict: Definition, Dimensions,

Negations, Formations, (Johan Galtung lectures in Columbia University).

Held, Virginia, How Terrorism is Wrong: Morality and Political Violence, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Keling, Mohamad Faisol., et.al., The Problem of Terrorism in Southeast Asia, (Journal of Asia Pacific Studies (2009): Vol 1, No 1).

Lim, Merlyna., Islamic Radicalism and Anti-Americanism in Indonesia: The Role of the Internet, (Washington, D.C: East-West Center Washington, 2005).

Marranci, Gabriele., Jihad beyond Islam, (New York & Oxford: Berg, 2006).

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, Press Release, July 17, 2009.

Nathanson, Stephen Terrorism and the Ethic of War, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Purnomo, Maslathif Dwi., Violence, Extremism and Terrorism in Indonesia: A Case study of Terrorism acts in Indonesia during 2000 until 2011, (IPEDR Vol. 34: 2012).

Perry, Marvin & Negrin, Howard E., (eds), The Theory and Practice of Islamic Terrorism: An Anthology, (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2008).

Purkis, Jonathan & Bowen, James (eds), Changing Anarchism, (New York: Manchester University Press, 2004).

TuÄŸal, Cihan Passive Revolution: Absorbing The Islamic Challenge to Capitalism, (California: Stanford University Press, 2009).

Turner, Jonathan H. (eds)., Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research, (New York: Springer, 2006).

Umam, Saiful., Radical Muslims in Indonesia: The Case of Ja’far Umar Thalib and the Laskar Jihad, (Explorations in Southeast Asian Studies: Vol. 6, No. 1 Spring 2006).

Vaughn, Bruce. et.al., Terrorism in Southeast Asia, (CRS report for Congressional Research Service: October 16, 2009).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/ajis.v2i1.166

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Nurus Shalihin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY:

Crossref Moraref Google Scholar Dimensions


AJIS'S Visitors
Creative Commons License
Ajis Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.